A database is a system intended to organize, store, and retrieve large amounts of data easily.It consists of an organized collection of data for one or more uses, typically in digital form. One way of classifying databases involves the type of their contents, for example: bibliographic, document-text, statistical. Digital databases are managed using database management systems, which store database contents, allowing data creation and maintenance, and search and other access. Database is the collection of different data that are related to each other. so the database which are related to each other can be made in a relationship. as we relation them then hat is known as the relational database.
A relational database matches data by using common characteristics found within the data set. The resulting groups of data are organized and are much easier for many people to understand.
For example, a data set containing all the real-estate transactions in a town can be grouped by the year the transaction occurred; or it can be grouped by the sale price of the transaction; or it can be grouped by the buyer's last name; and so on.
Such a grouping uses the relational model (a technical term for this is schema). Hence, such a database is called a "relational database."
The software used to do this grouping is called a relational database management system (RDBMS). The term "relational database" often refers to this type of software.
Relational databases are currently the predominant choice in storing financial records, medical records, manufacturing and logistical information, personnel data and much more.